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Amateur wrestling

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    Amateur wrestling is a popular sport in schools in the United States and Canada. Every year, students in elementary school through college take part in wrestling matches. National and world championship competitions are held annually. Every four years, wrestlers compete in the Summer Olympic Games. Nike HyperVenom Phantom AG Naranja Negro 140107-015. Wrestlers from Western Hemisphere nations also meet at four-year intervals in the Pan American Games.

    The Federation Internationale de la Lutte Amateur (FILA) governs international amateur wrestling. USA Wrestling governs the sport in the United States. Although amateur wrestling traditionally is a sport for boys and men, FILA established separate competition for women’s freestyle wrestling in 1988.

    Chief forms of wrestling. The two most popular forms of wrestling in the world are Greco-Roman and freestyle. Freestyle is the older of the two forms and the most popular in North America. It resembles the style practiced by the ancient Greeks. The Greco-Roman style developed after the Romans conquered Greece and modified the Greeks’ style. Greco-Roman is the more popular form throughout Europe. International competition, Nike Air Max 90 Mujeres Prima Cinta Camo Paquete Fusion Rojo W599911-664, including the Olympics, is held in both freestyle and Greco-Roman.

    Most of the rules and procedures in the two styles are the same. The main difference concerns the use of the legs. In freestyle, wrestlers may use the legs to grasp an opponent’s arms or legs, or to trip or tackle an opponent’s legs. In Greco-Roman, a wrestler cannot attack an opponent’s legs or attack with his own legs. The legs may be used only for support, so upper body strength and leverage are the chief factors.

    Some international wrestling meets feature competition in a style called sambo, or sombo, which originated in the Soviet Union in the 1930′s. Sambo is a blend of several forms of wrestling and the martial arts, especially judo. Nike HyperVenom Phelon Interior Fluorescente Verde Negro 140107-008. High school and intercollegiate wrestling. There are 13 weight classes in high school wrestling in the United States. There are 10 intercollegiate classes. A wrestler may weigh no more than the weight in his class, though he may weigh less. High school weight classes range from 100 pounds to a heavyweight class of no more than 275 pounds. Intercollegiate classes range from 118 pounds to no more than 275 pounds.

    High school matches are divided into three periods of two minutes each. Intercollegiate matches begin with a three-minute period. The remaining two periods last two minutes each. Matches take place on a cushioned mat with a wrestling area at least 32 feet (9.75 meters) square or 32 feet in diameter. At least 5 feet (1.5 meters) of mat must surround the wrestling area. The first period begins with the wrestlers standing and facing each other. The second period begins with one wrestler having a choice of top position, bottom position, or neutral position, or the wrestler can defer the choice to the opponent. For a description of these positions, see the illustrations of holds and positions in the Wrestling article in the print version of The World Book Encyclopedia.

    Wrestlers receive points for skillfully executing various holds and maneuvers. They may also win points if their opponent commits a technical error, uses an illegal hold, or breaks a rule. The match ends when a wrestler gains a fall by holding his opponent’s shoulders to the mat. The opponent’s shoulders must be held for two seconds in a high school match and for one second in an intercollegiate match. If no fall occurs, the wrestler with the most points wins by a decision. The referee is sometimes assisted by a second referee.

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